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Ask older children to identify the purpose of diegetic and non-diegetic sound. Diegetic sound comes from a source within the world of the film. It is any descriptive sound that characters in the film can hear as well as the audience. This can include music but it would be coming from a radio or jukebox in the scene.

Non-diegetic sound is sound that is added by the filmmakers that the audience can hear but characters in the film cannot. It tells us more about what is going on underneath the surface. This is usually a voiceover narration, dramatic music, songs with lyrics that relate to the story or sound effects exaggerated for dramatic effect.